Original Article

VOLUME: 36 | ISSUE: 3 | Sep 30, 2020 | PAGE: (252 - 258) | DOI: 10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study


Authors: Tahir Naeem , Maryam Riaz Tarar , Asma Saadia , Mariam Danish Iqbal , Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem , Sana Tariq


Authors

Tahir Naeem

Department of Pathology, Shalamar Medical & Dental College and Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

Maryam Riaz Tarar

Department of Pathology, Shalamar Medical & Dental College and Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

Asma Saadia

Department of Pathology, Shalamar Medical & Dental College and Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

Mariam Danish Iqbal

Department of Pathology, Shalamar Medical & Dental College and Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem

Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore-Pakistan.

Sana Tariq

Research Associate, Bioethics Department, Shalamar Medical & Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Publication History

Received: July 07, 2020

Revised: August 21, 2020

Accepted: September 16, 2020

Published: September 30, 2020


Abstract


Background and Objective: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the common chronic viral infections worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) had estimated that only a minority are aware of their status and still a fraction of the diagnosed cases were receiving treatment for their ailment.Theaverageburden of disease in Pakistan is about 3.3%. The incidence may appear lower among the healthcare workers (HCWs) as compared to blood donors, but HCWs are at increased risk to acquire the HBV infection and the risk is even greater for laboratory personnel. This risk can be minimized by offering
them the vaccination.
Methods: Blood samples from all categories of staff in the laboratory were tested for hepatitis B Surface Antibodies (HBsAb). Those foundnon-immune were offered recombinant hepatitis B vaccine by intramuscular (I/M) injections. The results were tabulated by entering age/sex of the laboratory staff with HBsAb level. Blood was drawn 4 weeks after completion of 3 doses vaccination course in 6 months. Repeat HBsAb levels were determined in this initially non-immune group. All results were analyzed using SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of 96 staff members, 30were found to be immune on first testing. Remaining 66 non-immune staff were offered complete course (3 doses) of HBV Vaccine. Five staff members were lost to follow up during the course of vaccination, two of them refused vaccination and two were non-responders. The rest 57 became immune after three doses of vaccination.
Conclusion: It is recommended that a national policy be adopted for HBsAb screening and offer of
vaccination, to non-immune HCWs


Keywords: Hepatitis B virus, HBsAb, HBV vaccination, Health care workers


Pubmed Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. BioMedica. 2020; 30 (September 2020): 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

Web Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. https://biomedicapk.com/articles/online_first/103 [Access: May 27, 2024]. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. BioMedica. 2020; 30 (September 2020): 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. BioMedica. (2020), [cited May 27, 2024]; 30 (September 2020): 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

Harvard Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq (2020) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. BioMedica, 30 (September 2020): 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

Chicago Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. "Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study." 30 (2020), 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq. "Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study." 30.September 2020 (2020), 252-258. Print. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tahir Naeem, Maryam Riaz Tarar, Asma Saadia, Mariam Danish Iqbal, Muhammad Ebrahim Naeem, Sana Tariq (2020) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Immunity Status of Laboratory Staff Working at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore: An Interventional Study. , 30 (September 2020), 252-258. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-103