Original Article

VOLUME: 36 | ISSUE: 3 | Sep 30, 2020 | PAGE: (291 - 295) | DOI: 10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan


Authors: Rabia Zafar , Amna Urooj , Sehrish Masood


Authors

Rabia Zafar

Department of Operative Dentistry, Ibn-eSina Hospital, Multan Medical & Dental College, Multan – Pakistan.

Amna Urooj

Dental Department. Nishtar Medical University & Hospital, Multan – Pakistan

Sehrish Masood

Dental Surgeon. Multan – Pakistan.

Publication History

Received: April 09, 2020

Revised: July 16, 2020

Accepted: September 19, 2020

Published: September 30, 2020


Abstract


Background and Objective: The prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization varies in different regions of the world. This disorder leads to susceptibility to development of complications and hence timely management is mandatory. This study was designed to determine the frequency of molar incisor hypomineralization in children presenting to dental out-patient department of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.
Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out at Ibn- Sina Hospital Multan, Pakistan. A total of 300 subjects including children and adolescents presenting to the outdoors were included. The detailed dental examination was carried out by two expert dentists for diagnosis of molar incisor hypomineralization. Data regarding risk factors was collected by administering a standardized and validated questionnaire to the parents about prenatal and post-natal risk factors.
Results: A total of 3.33% children were diagnosed with molar incisor hypomineralization. Male to female ratio was 1:1.3. There was no significant difference with respect to gender. The mean teeth affected per child were 2.1 ± 07. Risk factors found in the study population were asthma, history of typhoid and measles, and frequent antibiotic use.
Conclusion: Molar incisor hypomineralization is quite less frequent in general population with no gender predominance. Pre and post-natal factors effect its development that requires timely management strategies by dental specialists.


Keywords: Molar, Incisor, Hypomineralization, Prenatal, Postnatal, Enamel, Opacities.


Pubmed Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. BioMedica. 2020; 30 (September 2020): 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

Web Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. https://biomedicapk.com/articles/online_first/113 [Access: May 27, 2024]. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. BioMedica. 2020; 30 (September 2020): 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. BioMedica. (2020), [cited May 27, 2024]; 30 (September 2020): 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

Harvard Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood (2020) Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. BioMedica, 30 (September 2020): 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

Chicago Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. "Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan." 30 (2020), 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood. "Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan." 30.September 2020 (2020), 291-295. Print. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rabia Zafar, Amna Urooj, Sehrish Masood (2020) Frequency of Molar Incisor Hypomineraliazation and Associated Risk Factors - A Study from Southern Punjab, Pakistan. , 30 (September 2020), 291-295. doi:10.24911/BioMedica/5-113