Review Article

Volume 37, Issue 1, 2021 , Page (4 - 11)

DOI: 10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics


Authors: Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi


Abstract

Fear is one of the psychological emotions that humans adapt to a potentially threatening situation, but when this fear is not calibrated well to the situation, it can become maladaptive. For instance, in the present wave of pandemic, the panic over the year is excessive, there may have deteriorating effects both on the individuals and the society. At individual level for example mental health problems and social anxiety may be seen, and at the level of society panic shopping, xenophobia, decline in the economy may well be noted. Pandemics have been seen in the history in many eras. They have brought about enormous changes in the existing world through ages. This rapid narrative review summarizes various aspects of the many pandemics in the history.


Keywords: New normal, Pandemics, History, Impact.


Open access Creative Commons License

Authors

Muhammad Imran

Department of Pathology, Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore-Pakistan.

Muhammad Touqeer Hanif

Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Akhtar Saeed Medical College, Lahore-Pakistan.

Waseem Abbas

Institute of Public Health, Lahore-Pakistan.

Amjad Bilal

Institute of Public Health, Lahore-Pakistan.

Sara Siddiqi

Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Akhtar Saeed Medical College, Lahore-Pakistan.

Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi

Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan.

Publication History

Received: December 16, 2020

Revised: February 19, 2021

Accepted: March 20, 2021

Published: March 31, 2021

Pubmed Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. biomedica. 2021 ; 31 March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

Web Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. https://biomedicapk.com/10.51441/BioMedica/5-163 [Access: June 13, 2021]. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. biomedica. 2021 ; 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. biomedica. ( 2021 ), [cited June 13, 2021]; 10 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

Harvard Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi ( 2021 ) The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. biomedica, 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

Turabian Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. 2021 . The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. BioMedica, 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

Chicago Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. "The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics." BioMedica 31 ( 2021 ), 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi. "The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics." BioMedica 31 . March 2021 ( 2021 ), 86-91. Print. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Waseem Abbas, Amjad Bilal, Sara Siddiqi, Syed Ali Hassan Rizvi ( 2021 ) The New Normal: History and Impact of Pandemics. BioMedica, 31 ( March 2021 ), 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-163