Original Article

Volume 37, Issue 1, 2021 , Page (56 - 62)

DOI: 10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery


Authors: Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema


Abstract

Background and Objective:  COVID-19 hit 2020 as one of the worst pandemics which happens over 100 years. Although people across the globe did not respond effectively to the pandemic yet Pakistani population responded to this pandemic with a different mindset as it was difficult for them to accept the infectious nature, spread, and associatedrestrictions. This study was designed to determine the awareness and attitudes of the Pakistani population towards the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic regarding reservation to quarantineand trust in healthcare system.

Methods:  The study was carried out from November-December 2020 during the second wave of COVID-19. The data was collected through a self-administered online questionnaire and included subjects from all provinces across Pakistan. Responses about awareness, attitudes, and trust in health care were recorded. The social stigma associated with COVID-19 was also recorded through this questionnaire. Data was entered in SPSS-20 and results were interpreted accordingly.

Results: Of all the participants70-80% of individuals knew about the disease and its spread, 48.8% of participants knew about the severity and prognosis of the disease, only 45-46% of patients were comfortable in getting themselves or their families tested if advised and reporting to healthcare about COVID-19. Out of all participants, 57.9% people admitted that there was a stigma associated with COVID-19 diagnosis, 37.8% believed that lack of testing and reporting was associated with this stigma, 46.6% individuals believed in rumors of false COVID-19 diagnosis and wrong treatment in Pakistani hospitals, 46.9% showed that they did not trust healthcare for patient management,65.9% attributed hiding disease to mistrust in healthcare and 57.5% participants did not want to be quarantined in government centers, if needed.

Conclusion: Knowledge of COVID-19 among people in Pakistan was nearly sufficient, their attitudes were mainly positive, while their practices needed approach that is more satisfactory. There exists a gap in the trust in government policies and local health care system. Pakistani people need more education to beat the stigma associated with COVID-19 to ensure early reporting and prompt treatment for these types of infectious diseases in the future.


Keywords: Attitudes, COVID-19; Coronavirus disease, Quarantine, Second wave.


Open access Creative Commons License

Authors

Samina Fida

Associate Professor. Department of Medicine. CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore -Pakistan

Rabia Nafees

Assistant Professor, Department of Gynae and Obs. Rashid Latif Medical College, Lahore-Pakistan.

Hala Mansoor

Assistant Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore -Pakistan.

Saba Saif

Assistant Professor. Department of Rheumatology. CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore -Pakistan.

Mashhood-ul-Hassan

Final Year MBBS student. CMH Lahore Medical College Lahore – Pakistan.

Sahar Sharif

House Physician, CMH Lahore Medical College Lahore – Pakistan.

Abbas Cheema

House Physician, CMH Lahore Medical College Lahore – Pakistan.

Publication History

Received: January 19, 2021

Revised: February 10, 2021

Accepted: March 16, 2021

Published: March 31, 2021

Pubmed Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. biomedica. 2021 ; 31 March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Web Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. https://biomedicapk.com/10.51441/BioMedica/5-171 [Access: June 13, 2021]. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. biomedica. 2021 ; 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. biomedica. ( 2021 ), [cited June 13, 2021]; 10 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Harvard Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema ( 2021 ) Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. biomedica, 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Turabian Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. 2021 . Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. BioMedica, 31 ( March 2021 ): 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

Chicago Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. "Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery." BioMedica 31 ( 2021 ), 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema. "Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery." BioMedica 31 . March 2021 ( 2021 ), 86-91. Print. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Samina Fida, Rabia Nafees, Hala Mansoor, Saba Saif, Mashhood-ul-Hassan, Sahar Sharif, Abbas Cheema ( 2021 ) Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes of Pakistani Population towards Second Wave of COVID-19 - A Questionnaire Based Survery. BioMedica, 31 ( March 2021 ), 86-91. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-171