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VOLUME: 38 | ISSUE: 2 | Jun 20, 2022 | PAGE: (109 - 111) | DOI: 10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination


Authors: Haseeb Mehmood Qadri , Fahad Qayyum


Authors

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri

Post Graduate Resident, Department of General Surgery, Unit - III, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Fahad Qayyum

Post Graduate Resident, Department of General Surgery, Unit - I, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Publication History

Received: April 02, 2022

Revised: April 28, 2022

Accepted: June 09, 2022

Published: June 20, 2022


Abstract


The American Association for Cancer Research has declared the month of April as the global awareness month of Testicular Cancer (TC). Worldwide, TC is the most frequently reported malignancy in males aged 20 – 40 years. Testicular Cancer and Testicular Self Examination awareness should be started at home. This clinical poster is an easy approach to making the general public attending the outpatient department, understand the very basics of TC & TSE.


Keywords: Testicular cancer, self-examination, awareness, urology


Pubmed Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. biomedica. 2022; 03 (July 2022): 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

Web Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. https://biomedicapk.com/10.51441/BioMedica/5-682 [Access: August 17, 2022]. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. biomedica. 2022; 03 (July 2022): 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. biomedica. (2022), [cited August 17, 2022]; 03 (July 2022): 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

Harvard Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum (2022) Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. biomedica, 03 (July 2022): 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

Chicago Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. "Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination." Biomedica 03 (2022), 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum. "Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination." Biomedica 03.July 2022 (2022), 109-111. Print. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri, Fahad Qayyum (2022) Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. Biomedica, 03 (July 2022), 109-111. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-682


Biomedica - Official Journal of University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Volume 38(2):109-111

PUBLIC AWARENESS POSTER

Will men tie their violet ribbons? Testicular cancer and testicular self-examination

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri1*, Fahad Qayyum2

Received: 02 April 2022 Revised date: 28 April 2022 Accepted: 09 May 2022

Correspondence to: Haseeb Mehmood Qadri

*Post Graduate Resident, Department of General Surgery, Unit - III, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Email: haseebmehmood18@yahoo.com

Full list of author information is available at the end of the article.



Keywords:

Testicular cancer, self-examination, awareness, urology.


The American Association for Cancer Research has declared the month of April as the global awareness month for testicular cancer (TC).1 Worldwide, TC is the most frequently reported malignancy in the males aged 20-40 years, while being the second most reported cancer in the teenage group of 15-19 years.2 The Collective Cancer Registry Report of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital Lahore from 1994 to 2022 states its prevalence to be 4% in Pakistan.3

Various factors, such as sociocultural taboos, religious myths, and marked illiteracy, are some of the key factors for the lack of awareness regarding TC. Male patients are not open to discuss their sexual and reproductive problems even within their families. Getting diagnosed with TC is considered a “death sentence” owing to the worse prognosis. Religious and egoistic myths exist in our society, which also contribute toward the delayed diagnosis of this clinical entity. The educational curricula and mass media are devoid of any such concepts of awareness for teens as well as for adults to encourage timely detection and management of this grave disease.

The European Association of Urology (EAU) and the National Institute of Cancer, United States, advocate monthly “testicular self-examination” (TSE) among males aged 18-35 years.4,5 The EAU further emphasizes that the stage and prognosis of TC are highly related to its early diagnosis, which in usual presentation is possible by TSE.4

TC and TSE awareness should be started at home. This public awareness poster is an easy approach to make the general public, attending the outpatient department, understand the very basics of TC and TSE.


Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge the critical input by the Editor of BioMedica journal in shaping this poster into its final version.


List of Abbreviations

TSETesticular self-examination
TCTesticular cancer

Conflict of interest

None to declare.


Grant support and financial disclosure

None to disclose.


Ethical approval

Not required.


Authors’ contribution

All authors contributed to the conception and design, important intellectual input, and approval of the final version of the manuscript to be published.


Authors’ Details

Haseeb Mehmood Qadri1, Fahad Qayyum2

  1. Post Graduate Resident, Department of General Surgery, Unit - III, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  2. Post Graduate Resident, Department of General Surgery, Unit - I, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

References

  1. American Association for Cancer Research. Testicular cancer awareness month. American Association for Cancer Research; 2022. Available from: https://www.aacr.org/patients-caregivers/awareness-months/testicular-cancer-awareness-month/
  2. Testicular Cancer Statistics. John Hopkins medicine; 2022. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/testicular-cancer/testicular-cancer-statistics
  3. Mahmood S. Shaukat Khanum cancer registry [Internet]. Shaukatkhanum.org.pk; 2022. Available from: https://shaukatkhanum.org.pk/health-care-professionals-researchers/cancer-statistics/skm-cancer-registry/
  4. National Cancer Institute. Testicular cancer screening (PDQ®)-patient version; 2022. Available from: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-screening-pdq
  5. Heidenreich A, Paffenholz P, Nestler T, Pfister D. European Association of Urology guidelines on testis cancer: important take home messages. Eur Urol Focus. 2019;5(5):742–4. https://doi//10.1016/j.euf.2019.08.002. Epub 2019 Aug 16. PMID: 31427195.