Original Article

VOLUME: 38 | ISSUE: 3 | Sep 25, 2022 | PAGE: (157 - 162) | DOI: 10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan


Authors: Firdos Kausar , Mansoor Ghani , Samina Kausar , Najam Ul Sabha


Authors

Firdos Kausar

Student, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan / Assistant Professor, Ittefaq College of Nursing, Lahore, Pakistan

Mansoor Ghani

Program Coordinator, Institute of Nursing, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Samina Kausar

Professor and Head, Department of Nursing, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Najam Ul Sabha

Student, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan / Principal, Sargodha College of Nursing, Sargodha, Pakistan

Publication History

Received: June 03, 2022

Revised: August 20, 2022

Accepted: September 03, 2022

Published: September 25, 2022


Abstract


Background and Objective: All human beings are vulnerable when deprived of their liberty, but the experience of imprisonment has a significant impact on the social, economic, spiritual, intellectual, psychological, and physical health and well-being of different categories of prisoners, particularly children, women, and older people. This study has been conducted to determine the health problems of female prisoners and their level of access to healthcare services.
Methods: TThis was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A sample of 108 female prisoners was included by convenience sampling from Kot
Lakh Pat Jail, Lahore. Healthcare access and women’s health problems were assessed by a self-structured questionnaire. Data were coded
and analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0. 
Results: Out of 108 females, 78.7% were not satisfied with the health facilities. About 11.1% of the prisoners were suffering from hepatitis C and 1 prisoner was diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus. Preplacement and periodical health examinations were not conducted as a routine, while stigmatization by healthcare providers was another major issue that female inmates faced during imprisonment.
Conclusion: Female inmates were not satisfied with the overall quality of healthcare provided to them. Poor healthcare access combined with communicable diseases adversely affects their physical and psychological well-being, leading to compromised reformation, rehabilitation, and integration back into society.


Keywords: prisoner, health need, health access


Pubmed Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. BioMedica. 2022; 11 (October 2022): 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

Web Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. https://biomedicapk.com/10.51441/BioMedica/5-729 [Access: January 31, 2023]. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. BioMedica. 2022; 11 (October 2022): 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. BioMedica. (2022), [cited January 31, 2023]; 11 (October 2022): 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

Harvard Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha (2022) Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. BioMedica, 11 (October 2022): 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

Chicago Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. "Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan." 11 (2022), 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha. "Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan." 11.October 2022 (2022), 157-162. Print. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Firdos Kausar, Mansoor Ghani, Samina Kausar, Najam Ul Sabha (2022) Is the access to healthcare services satisfactory among women prisoners? A survey from Lahore, Pakistan. , 11 (October 2022), 157-162. doi:10.51441/BioMedica/5-729